IRS

Industry & Regulatory News

President to Nominate Danny Werfel as IRS Commissioner

The White House announced President Joe Biden’s intent to nominate Danny Werfel as the next Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The Commissioner is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a five-year term. If confirmed by the Senate, Mr. Werfel will replace Commissioner Charles Rettig, whose term expires November 12, 2022.

November 11 2022
IRS

Industry & Regulatory News

IRS Expands Determination Program for 403(b) Plans

The IRS has issued Revenue Procedure 2022-40, which permits the submission of determination letter applications for 403(b) individually designed plans. Beginning June 1, 2023, plan sponsors that maintain 403(b) individually designed plans can submit a determination letter application for an initial plan determination, for a determination upon plan termination, for certain merged plans, or for other circumstances that will be announced later in the Internal Revenue Bulletin.

The date on which an application may be submitted for an initial plan determination is staggered over three dates (June 1, 2023, June 1, 2024, and June 1, 2025), depending on the last digit of the plan sponsor’s employer identification number.

Under the revised rules, the IRS generally will consider the qualification requirements and the 403(b) requirements that are in effect, or that have been included, on a required amendments list, on or before the last day of the second calendar year preceding the year in which the determination letter application is submitted. Additionally, a prior letter issued to a pre-approved plan adopter is not treated as an initial plan determination. For example, a determination letter issued to an adopter of a pre-approved retirement plan as a result of filing Form 5307, Application for Determination for Adopters of Modified Volume Submitter Plans, is no longer considered in determining whether a plan sponsor is eligible to submit that plan for a determination letter for an initial plan determination on Form 5300, Application for Determination for Employee Benefit Plan.

The IRS indicates that it will release additional procedural requirements and forms updates in the near future.

November 08 2022

Industry & Regulatory News

IRS Priority Guidance Plan Includes Retirement Items

The IRS has issued its 2022-2023 Priority Guidance Plan, in which it describes guidance projects in the current fiscal year. Many items in the plan have appeared in prior years’ Priority Guidance Plans. A number of the guidance items deal with retirement savings arrangements, including the following, which have been included in previous plans.

  • Regulations and guidance relating to the 10 percent early distribution tax
  • Comprehensive IRA regulations
  • Final regulations on the application of the normal retirement age regulations under Internal Revenue Code Section (IRC Sec.) 401(a) for governmental plans
  • Regulations and guidance updating electronic delivery rules for providing applicable notices and making participant elections
  • Final regulations regarding RMD requirements under the SECURE Act (proposed regulations were published in February 2022)
  • Regulations relating to SECURE Act modifications to certain rules governing 401(k) plans
  • Guidance on student loan payments and their interplay with qualified retirement plans and 403(b) plans
  • Guidance on closed defined benefit plans and related matters
  • Regulations on the exception to the unified plan rule for IRC Sec. 413(e) multiple employer plans (proposed regulations were issued in July 2019)
  • Regulations on the definition of "governmental plan"
  • Final regulations updating minimum-present-value requirements for defined benefit pension plans (proposed regulations were issued in November 2016)
  • Regulations on mortality tables to determine present value for single-employer defined benefit pension plans
  • Final regulations for withholding on distributions when payments are made to a non-U.S. address (proposed regulations were issued in May 2019)
  • Regulations relating to the IRC Sec. 6057 reporting requirements (proposed regulations were issued in June 2012)
  • Guidance updating electronic filing requirements for employee plans to reflect changes made by the Taxpayer First Act

 Two new noteworthy items include

  • Regulations relating to the timing of the use or allocation of forfeitures in qualified retirement plans
  • Regulations on the definition of church plan under IRC Sec. 414(e)
November 07 2022

Industry & Regulatory News

IRS Releases 2023 Cost-of-Living Adjusted Retirement Savings Limitations

The IRS has issued Notice 2022-55, which contains the 2023 cost-of-living increases for qualified retirement plan dollar limitations on benefits and contributions under the Internal Revenue Code (IRC).

  • Annual additions under IRC Section (Sec.) 415(c)(1)(A) for defined contribution plans: $66,000 ($61,000 for 2022)
  • Annual additions under IRC Sec. 415(b)(1)(A) for defined benefit plans: $265,000 ($245,000 for 2022)
  • Annual deferral limit (402(g) limit) for 401(k), 403(b), and 457(b) plans: $22,500 ($20,500 for 2022)
  • Catch-up contributions to 401(k), 403(b), and 457(b) plans: $7,500 ($6,500 for 2022)
  • Annual deferral limit for SIMPLE IRA and SIMPLE 401(k) plans: $15,500 ($14,000 for 2022)
  • Catch-up contributions for SIMPLE IRA and SIMPLE 401(k) plans: $3,500 ($3,000 for 2022)
  • IRC Sec. 401(a)(17) compensation cap: $330,000 ($305,000 for 2022)
  • Highly compensated employee (HCE) definition income threshold: $150,000 ($135,000 for 2022)
  • Top-heavy determination key employee definition income threshold: $215,000 ($200,000 for 2022)
  • SEP plan employee income threshold for benefit eligibility: $750 ($650 in 2022)
  • Taxable wage base (TWB), as noted in a prior announcement, increases to $160,200 for 2023 from $147,000; used in some integrated allocation formulas
  • Qualifying longevity annuity contract (QLAC) amount excludible from required minimum distribution determinations: $155,000 ($145,000 for 2022)

IRA Contribution and Taxpayer Contribution Credit Amounts

Annual limitations for IRA contributions, deductibility for those who are active participants in employer plans, and those seeking an income tax credit for retirement saving contributions, have slightly different indices that are used for determining cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) in employer plans. The limitations for 2023 are as follows.

  • Traditional and Roth IRA contributions: $6,500 ($6,000 for 2022)
  • Traditional and Roth IRA catch-up contributions: $1,000 (not subject to COLA increases)
  • IRA deductibility phase-out for single taxpayers participating in employer plans rises to $73,000 - $83,000 (was $68,000 - $78,000)
  • IRA deductibility phase-out for married joint filing taxpayers participating in employer plans rises to $116,000 - $136,000 (was $109,000 - $129,000)
  • IRA deductibility phase-out for married with spouse an active participant in an employer plan rises to $218,000 - $228,000 (was $204,000 - $214,000)
  • Roth IRA income limitations for determining maximum contribution for married joint filers: phase-out range rises to $218,000 - $228,000 (was $204,000 - $214,000)
  • Roth IRA income limitation for determining maximum contribution for single filers and heads-of-households: phase-out range rises to $138,000 - $153,000 (was $129,000 - $144,000)

 

Taxpayers who make contributions to IRAs or deferral-type employer-sponsored retirement plans of up to $2,000 may be eligible for a special income tax credit (the “saver’s credit”) of 10, 20, or 50 percent of the amount contributed, depending on their income.

For joint filers, the maximum adjusted gross income level for

  • the 50 percent tax credit is $43,000;
  • the 20 percent tax credit is $47,500; and
  • the 10 percent tax credit is $73,000.

 

For head of household filing status, the maximum adjusted gross income level for

  • the 50 percent tax credit is $32,625;
  • the 20 percent tax credit is $35,625; and
  • the 10 percent tax credit is $54,750.

 

For all other filing statuses, the maximum adjusted gross income level for

  • the 50 percent tax credit is $21,750;
  • the 20 percent tax credit is $23,750; and
  • the 10 percent tax credit is $36,500.

 

October 21 2022
IRS

Industry & Regulatory News

IRS Releases 2023 Inflation-Adjusted Amounts for Health and Welfare Benefits

The IRS has issued Revenue Procedure 2022-38, which contains cost-of-living adjustments for taxable years beginning in 2023 for over 60 tax provisions, including the following health and welfare benefits.

Cafeteria Plans

The dollar limitation under Internal Revenue Code Section (IRC Sec.) 125(i) on voluntary employee salary reductions for contributions to health flexible spending arrangements is $3,050, up from $2,850 for 2022. For cafeteria plans that permit the carryover of unused amounts, the maximum carryover amount is $610, up from $570 for 2022.

Qualified Transportation Fringe Benefit

The monthly limitation under IRC Sec. 132(f)(2)(A) for the aggregate fringe benefit exclusion amount for transportation in a commuter highway vehicle and any transit pass is $300, up from $280 for 2022. The monthly limitation under IRC Sec. 132(f)(2)(B) for the fringe benefit exclusion amount for qualified parting is $300, up from $280 for 2022.

Qualified Small Employer Health Reimbursement Arrangement

To qualify as a qualified small employer health reimbursement arrangement under IRC Sec. 9831(d), the arrangement must provide that the total amount of payments and reimbursements for any year cannot exceed $5,850 or $11,800 for family coverage, up from $5,450 or $11,050 for family coverage for 2022.

For additional information on the 2023 inflation-adjusted limits for other tax provisions, see Rev. Proc. 2022-38.

October 19 2022

Industry & Regulatory News

IRS Announces Applicable Federal Rates for November 2022

The IRS has issued Revenue Ruling 2022-20, which contains the applicable federal rates (AFR) for November 2022. These rates are used for such purposes as calculating distributions from retirement savings arrangements that meet the requirements for substantially equal periodic payments (a 10 percent early distribution penalty tax exception), also referred to as “72(t) payments.”

October 18 2022

Industry & Regulatory News

IRS Issues Yield Curves and Segment Rates for DB Plan Calculations

The IRS has issued Notice 2022-54, which contains updated guidance on factors used in certain defined benefit (DB) pension plan minimum funding and present value calculations. Updates include the corporate bond monthly yield curve, the corresponding spot segment rates for October used under Internal Revenue Code Section (IRC Sec.) 417(e)(3), and the 24-month average segment rates under IRC Sec. 430(h)(2). IRC Sec. 417 contains definitions and special rules for minimum survivor annuity requirements in DB plans. IRC Sec. 430 addresses minimum funding standards for single-employer DB plans.

October 18 2022

Industry & Regulatory News

Hardship Distributions May Be Permitted for Illinois Severe Storms and Flooding

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has issued a disaster declaration for severe storm and flooding in Illinois, beginning October 14, 2022.

Employers with qualified retirement plans may allow participants to take hardship distributions if

  • they have incurred expenses and losses because of a FEMA-declared disaster, and
  • their principal residence or place of employment at the time of the disaster is located in an area designated by FEMA as eligible for individual disaster assistance.

 

If the employer permits hardship distributions for expenses and losses related to a federally declared disaster, participants can check fema.gov/locations to determine if they are located in a disaster area designated for individual assistance.

The IRS may also issue relief related to this disaster for certain tax-related deadlines. Additional information can be found at irs.gov/newsroom/tax-relief-in-disaster-situations and will be announced here if such relief is granted.

October 18 2022

Industry & Regulatory News

IRS Announces Targeted RMD Relief for Certain 2021 and 2022 Beneficiary Distributions under SECURE Act

The IRS has released Notice 2022-53, announcing its intent to issue final regulations related to required minimum distributions (RMDs) that will apply no earlier than the 2023 distribution calendar year.

As previously announced, the IRS issued proposed regulations in February 2022. The proposed regulations clarify distribution requirements when an account owner dies after the required beginning date (RBD). The IRS proposal requires beneficiaries subject to the 10-year rule to deplete their account balance by the end of the year that contains the tenth anniversary of the original account owner’s death, and take annual distributions based on the normal single life expectancy calculation.

As this requirement applies to beneficiaries of such account owners who died in 2020 or later, the IRS acknowledges that beneficiaries were not aware of the requirement to take an RMD in 2021 and, pending the issuance of final regulations, were unsure of the requirements for 2022. Therefore, the IRS provides that a defined contribution plan that failed to make this specified RMD will not be treated as having failed to satisfy the RMD requirements. Additionally, designated beneficiaries of a plan participant or IRA owner who failed to take this specified RMD will not be assessed a missed RMD excise tax.

This specified RMD relief is limited to distributions required to be made in 2021 or 2022 under the new 10-year rule in a defined contribution plan or IRA for a designated beneficiary if

  • the account owner died on or after the RBD in 2020 or 2021, and
  • the designated beneficiary is not taking life expectancy payments.

The same relief under the new 10-year rule also applies to the beneficiary of an eligible designated beneficiary if

  • the eligible designated beneficiary died in 2020 or 2021, and
  • that eligible designated beneficiary was taking life expectancy payments.

This guidance provides plan sponsors and beneficiaries with specified RMD relief for 2021 and 2022 while the IRS finalizes its RMD rule for the 2023 distribution year. However, the Notice does not provide any additional guidance on the status of the rest of the proposed RMD rules for the 2022 distribution year. While the proposed RMD regulations required beneficiaries to apply existing rules and a reasonable, good faith interpretation of the proposed rule for 2021, neither the proposed rule or the Notice state such reasonable, good faith interpretation can be applied for 2022. 

October 10 2022

Industry & Regulatory News

IRS Requests Comments on Form 5558 Revisions to Allow Electronic Filing

The IRS has issued a notice and request for comments related to Form 5558, Application for Extension of Time to File Certain Employee Plan Returns. Form 5558 is a multiple use form for filers to request an extension of time to file

  • Form 5500, Annual Return/Report of Employee Benefit Plan series returns,
  • Form 8955-SSA, Annual Registration Statement Identifying Separated Participants With Deferred Vested Benefits, and
  • Form 5330, Return of Excise Taxes Related to Employee Benefit Plans.

The IRS intends to revise Form 5558 to remove items related to the extension of time to file Form 5330 so that the DOL will be able to electronically collect the form using the EFAST2 system. Tax due for Form 5330 filers currently must be paid with Form 5558 at the time of application for extension, and the DOL EFAST2 system will not collect such IRS tax payments. The IRS further indicates that Form 8868 will be revised to allow extensions for Form 5330 and payment of excise tax due.

Comments are invited on the necessity and utility of the collection of information; accuracy of the agency’s estimate of burden including ways to minimize burden; suggestions for improving the quality, utility, and clarity of the information collected; and cost estimates of implementing the collection. Comments should be submitted on or before December 5, 2022.

October 07 2022